A beginners guide to cannabis & hemp terpenes.
Cannabis terpenes have become a connoisseur level, sought after cannabis product - and for good reason.
We will run through where terpenes originate, the many uses and benefits of terpenes and where to buy terpenes in the UK - hint hint - we sell the best ones!
GUIDE: How to use and infuse cannabis terpenes:
Welcome to our ever expanding guide on how to use cannabis terpenes! Terpenes are volatile aromatic molecules that evaporate easily and readily announce themselves to the nose. Terpenes, it turns out, are healthy for people as well as plants. This guide is being updated with more information regularly, however if there's anything in particular you want to learn, let us know!
Table Of Contents:
4. Cannabis Terpenes For Pain UK
5. Cannabis Terpenes For Cancer
WHAT ARE CANNABIS TERPENES? A GUIDE ON HOW TO USE HEMP TERPENES.
Terpenes, like cannabinoids, are organic substances that are present in plants. They are most commonly referred to as the aromatic components in essential oils. Fast-evaporating compounds, or aromatics, make it much simpler for smell molecules to enter your nose.
Yes, terpenes are what give plants their wonderful scents. fruity aroma of pineapples? Terpenes. the flavour of mint in your latte? Terpenes. The ice cream flavouring in the gelato flowers you selected? Terpenes, as you might expect. In actuality, that particular aroma is created by a highly unique blend of 30 different terpenes. Any flavour you can think of can be created with terpenes; you can even purchase strain terpenes that precisely capture OG Kush, Blue Dream, or any other strain currently in use!
Click HERE to buy UK cannabis terpenes!
In the cannabis industry, terpenes have developed into a product for connoisseurs. Only cannabis plants have so far been found to have more than 150 terpenes. Most people can smell cannabis before they ever see it because of its distinctively pungent aroma. Terpenes are the fragrant substances that give many flowers and herbs their characteristic scents. They also give cannabis its particular flavour and fragrance.
Even though the majority of terpenes are present in trace amounts, the more potent ones work in concert to give different cannabis strains their own fragrance profiles. Sour Diesel's terpene profile informs you of its strong, gassy nature, while Cherry Pie evokes the delicious aroma of sweet and sour cherry pie hot from the oven.
Terpenes play a variety of roles in the cannabis plant in addition to giving it its distinctive fragrances. They can also have a variety of medicinal and mood-altering effects on cannabis users.
You can use infuse terpenes into almost any product, including:
Cannabis infused beverages
THC/CBD bud (flower)
Cannabis infused icecream
THE HISTORY OF CANNABIS TERPENES
Terpenes are organic substances that are discovered in the trichomes of female cannabis plants. Trichomes are glands that are transparent and sticky; they cover the surface of buds and, in much smaller amounts, can also be found on leaves and stems. Trichomes are particularly important because they contain resin glands, which create terpenes. Terpenes are crucial to the development and continued existence of a cannabis plant. [Cannabis]
These chemical compounds are responsible for the peculiar fragrances produced by cannabis. In addition, they enhance the colour and pigmentation of cannabis leaves and buds, and they contribute to the flavour of cannabis. Terpenes, in a nutshell, have the ability to make a plant more appealing to certain animals while discouraging the behaviour of others that could cause it harm. There are some terpenes, such as geraniol, that are effective for warding off insects and herbivores that might be enticed to feast on cannabis.
Other types of terpenes, such as terpinolene and linalool, are attractive to insects and other tiny animals that help pollen disperse. These aromatic molecules enhance the plant's immune system by providing information about the world around it, shielding the plant from potential threats such as viruses and stressors, and contributing to the activation of immunological responses. The amount of terpenes that a cannabis plant generates is susceptible to influence from a diverse variety of factors. Terpene concentrations can be affected by a variety of factors, including the location of the plant's cultivation (indoors or outdoors), the amount of light it receives, the temperature, the type of growing media used, the amount of nutrients present, and the time of day harvesting occurs.
The extraction of cannabis typically results in the loss of many terpenes because these chemicals are very volatile and difficult to preserve. On the other hand, an increased knowledge of the therapeutic usefulness of terpenes is leading to the development of more sensitive extraction technologies, such as live resin. Live resin is produced from freshly frozen cannabis plants, and the extraction process for it must be carried out at subfreezing temperatures in order to preserve the terpenes and other volatile compounds that are present in the cannabis plant. Because of this, one's experience with cannabis becomes fuller, more fragrant, and flavourful.
TERPENES: 'THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT'
The fragrant qualities of terpenes have not recently come to anyone's attention as a fresh discovery. Essential oils, such as those used in aromatherapy, have been derived by humans from terpenes for a very long time in order to take advantage of their energising aromas. For instance, anyone who has ever dabbed lavender oil, which includes linalool, behind their ears is aware of the possible benefits of doing so, including the fact that it can help calm you. In a similar vein, the presence of terpenes in some cannabis strains might amplify the effects of the drug. However, the effects of terpenes appear to extend beyond than the benefits of simply feeling good and relieving stress.
Terpenes have been recognised as another new frontier in the medical applications of cannabis. Cannabinoids like THC and CBD, among others, have received practically all of the attention in recent years due to the potential therapeutic benefits they offer.
On the other hand, as our knowledge of terpenes develops to a more advanced level, it is becoming increasingly clear that these aromatic molecules are also formidable forces in the field of medicine.
All terpenes exhibit distinct combinations of medicinal characteristics. It should come as no surprise that some of the effects that terpenes have on people are evocative of their function in cannabis and other plants. These benefits include helping to fight off unpleasant germs and diseases, which contributes to your overall health.
Study shows Cannabis terpenes provide pain relief, contribute to 'entourage effect'. A great example of the wonderful benefit of infusing terpenes with almost any product.
Related Article: Guide To CBG. How To Use CBG.
THE MEDICINAL BENEFITS OF CANNABIS TERPENES UK
Terpenes have been shown to have a wide variety of beneficial effects on health in both in vivo (on living animals) and in vitro (in laboratory test tubes) research settings. Terpene research is still in its early stages, and human trials with terpenes are still in their early stages as well. In order to strengthen our understanding of these substances, additional study needs to be carried out.
Researchers in the field of antivirals are continuously on the lookout for novel antiviral molecules. There are a number of terpenes, including alpha- and beta-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and carvone, that have the potential to have powerful antiviral activities.
TERPENES AND PAIN: DO CANNABIS TERPENES UK HELP WITH PAIN?
Terpenes found in cannabis have the potential to relieve pain in a manner that is analogous to that of cannabinoids. Cannabinoids and terpenes were mixed in a study in 2021, and the researchers found that the pain-relieving effects of the combination were increased without a corresponding rise in the number of adverse effects. It's possible that this contact is a sign of the entourage effect (more below).
Humulene, geraniol, linalool, and a-pinene are all examples of terpenes that have the potential to induce pain-relieving activities. Intriguingly, the research described above also discovered that these terpenes activate the CB1 receptors in the body. CB1 receptors are a component of the endocannabinoid system and have an effect on how we experience pain.
Unless you're immersed in cannabis on a daily basis, it might be difficult to keep up with everything cannabis—cannabinoids, terpenes, strains, and so on. When I first visited a dispensary in Denver, I inquired about terpenes. The budtender didn't know much about cannabis save that concentrates with higher terpene content were more expensive. While this is correct, I was certain there was more to the tale than the price differential.
This article will help you better understand terpene profiles so you can make more informed decisions while shopping at the dispensary. We'll look at how different terpenes can help with pain management, which is one of the main reasons medicinal patients resort to cannabis.
Cannabis Terpenes and Their Pain-Relieving Properties
The Top 5 UK Terpenes for Pain
Myrcene, Pinene, Limonene, Caryophyllene, Humulene.
Terpenes UK and Their Pain-Relieving Properties
So, precisely what are terpenes? Some of the most frequent terpenes are already familiar to you—if you've ever smelled an orange or pine needles, you've come into touch with some of the most common terpenes. Terpenes are chemical substances found naturally in plants that offer smell, such as thyme, cannabis, Spanish sage, and citrus fruits, to mention a few. Terpenes offer medicinal benefits in addition to fragrance. Check out this page for a more in-depth look into terpenes.
Terpenes can also be found in essential oils, topical applications like lotions and creams, cleaning goods, and food additives. Terpenes in the cannabis plant contain "anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, anxiolytic, anticancer, antitumor, neuroprotective, anti-mutagenic, anti-allergic, antibiotic, and anti-diabetic characteristics."
Choosing a cannabis strain with a specific terpene profile may help treat certain ailments. When picking strains to ease symptoms of various ailments, factors such as dose, terpene profile, and CBD:THC ratio must be taken into account. Let's have a look at some of the greatest terpenes for their analgesic (pain-relieving) effects.
The Best Cannabis Terpenes for Pain UK
Terpenes, like cannabinoids, are considered to interact with certain protein cell receptors in the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS) to provide therapeutic effects. The ECS is a natural physiological system that exists in both humans and animals and is in charge of maintaining body balance by regulating things like mood, pain, appetite, sleep, stress, and more.
According to a 2008 study, the terpene caryophyllene is the first non-cannabinoid molecule capable of directly activating cannabinoid receptors in the body. While further research is needed, it's probable that additional terpenes work along the similar lines, activating other cell receptors in the ECS.
There is strong evidence to back up the hypothesis that some terpenes can help with pain relief. Terpenes that will be discussed in greater detail in this article include myrcene, pinene, linalool, limonene, caryophyllene, and humulene.
Myrcene Beta-myrcene, sometimes known simply as myrcene, is the most frequent terpene discovered in the Cannabis sativa plant. This terpene is frequently described as spicy, peppery, musky, woodsy, or earthy. Although myrcene is the most prevalent terpene discovered in cannabis, it may also be found in a variety of other plants and fruits in nature, including mangoes, lemongrass, eucalyptus, hops, and many others.
Myrcene-rich strains are frequently, but not always, indica-dominant. Some strains with a high myrcene content include:
Blue Dream, Grape Ape, Granddaddy Purple, Harlequin, OG Kush.
According to a 2002 study, myrcene is the main terpene in more than 40% of all known cannabis strains. It has demonstrated potential as a muscle relaxant, and various animal investigations have revealed that it may have both analgesic and anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing) characteristics.
When it comes to the pain-relieving properties of myrcene, studies have shown that combining it with THC gives the best results. This relates to the "entourage effect," which holds that rather than isolating certain cannabinoids, terpenes, or other components for their therapeutic effects, using them together in their natural condition can bring more advantages.
Pinene Alpha-pinene is the most common terpene found in nature. It can be found in pine needles, rosemary, mint, saffron, and orange peels, among other plants. Cannabis cultivars rich in pinene include:
Big Smooth, Blue Dream, Grape Ape, Harlequin, Cannatonic
Pinene, unlike myrcene, is rarely the most abundant terpene in a strain's makeup; nevertheless, it is frequently the second most abundant terpene in a strain's makeup. Big Smooth is an exception to this rule, as it possesses a pinene-dominant terpene profile.
According to a 2019 assessment of current research, alpha-pinene exhibits "...antitumor, antibacterial, antimalarial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-Leishmania (i.e. anti-parasitic), and analgesic actions."
Linalool is a floral terpene that has a mild, lemony, or woodsy fragrance.
Linalool is present in a wide range of items, including cosmetics, fragrances, home cleansers, and food additives, and is found in essential oils. Its anti-anxiety qualities have been lauded. It is also known to be an effective anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.
Researchers indicate in a 2021 study reviewing new updates on the bioactive qualities of linalool, "Linalool can trigger apoptosis (i.e. cell death) of cancer cells via oxidative stress, while also protecting normal cells." Linalool has antibacterial properties through disrupting cell membranes. Linalool's anti-inflammatory activity is responsible for its liver, kidney, and lung protective properties. Linalool can be employed as an adjuvant of anticancer treatments or antibiotics due to its protective benefits and low toxicity."
Limonene is a bitter and lemony terpene present in citrus fruit peels such as oranges and lemons. With the exception of alpha-pinene, limonene is the most common terpene found in nature. This terpene is thought to boost the immune system while also combating inflammation, depression, stress, and anxiety.
Look for cannabis strains with terms like "sour" or "lemon" in their names when looking for limonene-rich cannabis. These strains are high in limonene. Examples of common limonene-rich strains include:
Sour Diesel, Berry White, Banana OG, Do-Si-Dos, Super Lemon Haze.
According to this 2018 review of current research, "it can be affirmed that limonene exhibits anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer, antiallergic, antinociceptive, and anti-stress activities, in addition to beneficial effects in the treatment of gastric ulcer, colitis, asthma, and airway inflammation, among other activities." "Limonene's abundant availability in nature, safety profile, and broad mechanism of action make this monoterpene a viable alternative to traditional medicinal medicines."
In a 2016 study that investigated limonene's pain-relieving potential in mice, promising results revealed that limonene may relieve pain through altering TRP channel activity. Although this terpene is not specifically renowned for pain treatment, it does have a variety of other beneficial properties that, depending on the circumstance, may alter the cause of pain. The anti-inflammatory and stress-relieving properties of limonene, in particular, can be useful in pain management.
Caryophyllene Beta-caryophyllene, often known as caryophyllene, is a terpene with a spicy, peppery aroma and overtones of cinnamon. It can be found in rosemary, cloves, hops, black pepper, and other herbs.
Terpenes, as previously stated, work by activating cell receptors in the ECS. Caryophyllene is unique in that it is the only chemical discovered to directly activate CB2 receptors, which are present largely in the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral immune system. This discovery has given rise to speculations that additional terpenes may have a similar effect on mood, pain, and stress. Caryophyllene is well-known for its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.
In general, any strain in the "cookies" family is a safe bet if you're searching for caryophyllene-rich strains. The following are some typical cannabis strains in which beta-caryophyllene is the major terpene:
Girl Scout Cookies (GCS), Sour Diesel, Bubba Kush, Gelato, Candyland.
A 2013 study discovered that giving caryophyllene to mice lessened discomfort. Furthermore, researchers discovered that caryophyllene improved the pain-relieving properties of low-strength morphine. This shows that taking this terpene in conjunction with other pain medications can help with pain management.
"Various pharmacological activities such as cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective, neuroprotective, nephroprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and immune-modulator have been reported in experimental studies," according to a 2016 review of the available research on caryophyllene. It has demonstrated significant therapeutic promise in neuropathic pain, neurological disorders, and metabolic diseases."
Humulene Alpha-humulene is another terpene with a strong, earthy, and spicy aroma. It can be found in plants including basil, black pepper, cloves, sage, and hops. Humulene-containing cannabis strains include:
Candyland, GSC, White Widow.
Because of the humulene's significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic qualities, cannabis strains high in alpha-humulene may help reduce inflammation and pain.
Humulene and its potential benefits have been extensively researched. Humulene, "administered either orally or via aerosol, displayed substantial anti-inflammatory capabilities," according to a 2009 study. According to Rogerio et al., humulene is "an effective analgesic when applied topically, orally, or by aerosol."
Researchers validated alpha-potential humulene's to trigger apoptosis (i.e., cell death) in a more recent study published in 2019, making it a novel and promising chemotherapeutic treatment. Another study found that alpha-humulene is a powerful antibacterial agent against specific microorganisms.
Related Article: Guide to CBD. What is CBD? How to use CBD.
TERPENES AND CANCER: DO TERPENES TREAT CANCER?
Finally receiving the attention they merit, terpenes are the essential oils, aroma, and taste of cannabis. Let's go through some of the possible benefits of terpenes against cancer. The ever-increasing prevalence of cancer is leading researchers to look for substances that can inhibit its growth. Certain terpenes, including those that are contained in cannabis, have the potential to display anticancer activity, which can aid to prevent the growth or activity of cancer cells.
Along with other terpenes including pinene, camphor, terpinene, and beta-myrcene, limonene has the potential to be an especially effective anticancer and antitumor agent. In the context of cancer treatment, the fact that terpenes are unlikely to have an effect on healthy cells or to cause any side effects is a possible benefit that sets them apart from other compounds.
Many terpenes have been studied and found to have anti-cancer properties. Monoterpenes, a class of terpenes that consist of two isoprene units, have been shown to prevent mammary, liver, and lung cancers. Terpenes have even been used to treat a variety of rodent cancers, including breast and pancreatic carcinomas. While more research is needed, there is preclinical evidence that suggests they might have an anti-cancer effect in humans.
Terpinolene: Terpinolene is regarded as a powerful anti-proliferative for inhibiting the proliferation of brain cancer cells. Terpinolene may downregulate certain proteins, which effectively slows the development of cancer, according to research.
Pinene: One of the most prevalent terpenes in cannabis, pinene provides the plant its wll-known pine fragrance. The terpene -pinene from pine needle oil shown anti-cancer action, according to a research on the substance. Pine needle oil was discovered to have considerable inhibitory effects on hepatoma carcinoma (liver cancer.)
Humulene: By generating reactive oxygen species, which aid in the destruction of cancer cells, humulene is supposed to slow the development of tumours. According to reports, humulene has antibacterial properties that were popular in traditional medicine in the past and are still used today to treat staph infections.
Limonene: In laboratory experiments, limonene shown anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, and anticancer benefits. It has been shown that d-limonene modifies the signalling pathways of cancer cells in a manner that prevents cancer cells from proliferating and results in their death (this is known as "apoptosis").
Ocimene: Studies have demonstrated that oximene inhibits the growth of breast, colon, prostate, and kidney cancer cells and triggers apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells. Additionally, it has been discovered to improve the radio and chemo sensitivity of cancer cells.
CANNABIS STRAINS TERPENE PROFILES
Check out this list of popular cannabis strains and their effects. If you're unsure what you require, drop a comment or ask about it in our community!
ACDC (Chronic Pain)
ACDC is a CBD-heavy sativa strain. It assists our consumers with chronic pain alleviation. This strain is very beneficial if you are sensitive to THC since it has more CBD and less THC than other strains.
Super Lemon Haze (Vomiting, Nausea, Sick Feeling)
Customers have reported that this strain relieves nausea and vomiting. Lemon Skunk crossed with Super Silver Haze produces Super Lemon Haze. Enjoy the lemon scents and pleasant flavour while getting anti-nausea benefits.
Blue Dream (Nausea)
This crowd-pleaser strain may also assist with nausea. Enjoy the calming and uplifting benefits, as well as the lovely fragrances of blueberries.
Grand Daddy Purple (Appetite Loss)
This indica, a mix of Purple Urkle and Big Bud, provides both calm and cravings. GDP is commonly used before a meal to aid with appetite stimulation.
Original Skywalker (Loss in Appetite)
Skywalker OG, another appetite stimulant, is frequently used before eating. Skywalker tends to be on the powerful side, so if you're new to THC, take it slowly. This strain does not require a large dosage to get its effects.
Wedding Cake (Nausea and Appetite Loss)
This Seed Junky favourite is said to aid with nausea and appetite loss. If you need assistance getting and keeping food down, Wedding Cake may be able to help.
Super Silver Haze (Depression) Super Silver Haze, often known as SSH, is an award-winning sativa. This Skunk, Northern Lights, and Haze cross will provide a cheerful mood adjustment that can aid in the treatment of depression.
Jack the Ripper (Depression)
Black Jack, a hybrid between Black Domina and Jack Herer, is an euphoric strain with mood-boosting effects. Despite being a hybrid, the effects skew toward sativa. Many of our clients say this strain helps them deal with depression.
Girl Scout Cookies (Depression, Appetite Loss)
GSC is a highly well-balanced mental-physical strain. An incredibly euphoric and uplifting high is produced by a hybrid of OG Kush and Durban Poison. If you're seeking for depression treatment, give this a go.
Strawberry Cough (Fatigue, Depression)
Strawberry Cough is a stimulating strain that helps alleviate weariness. Expect delightful strawberry scents followed by exhilarating bliss. This strain has also been linked to increased happiness.
Big Smooth (Anxiety)
This tasty indica-dominant hybrid is a cross between OG Blueberry and Cookies & Cream. Expect soothing effects that can help soothe the nerves and provide anxiety alleviation.
CANNABIS TERPENES AND DEPRESSION: DO UK TERPENES TREAT ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION?
Terpenes are found in approximately one quarter of the plant extracts that are used in the production of antidepressant medicines. Linalool and beta-pinene are two components that are frequently found in antidepressant medications that use plant extracts.
We know what you’re thinking: wait, aren’t terpenes just for smell? While they’re great at emitting unique scents, they add a lot more to the cannabis plant than you may realize. That’s why, today, High Committee is talking all about the best terpenes for anxiety, depression, and overall zen.
What Cannabis Strains Have the Most Terpenes for Anxiety and Depression?
Now that we've identified the terpenes that are most effective in alleviating anxiety and depression, let's have a look at some of the top strains that contain these terpenes. These strains are listed in no particular order:
Harlequin is one of the most effective medicinal marijuana strains available. It has a 5:2 CBD to THC ratio and a nice blend of terpenes like myrcene, alpha-pinene, and beta-caryophyllene. It is a high-CBD strain that will not make you intoxicated (if at all), so you can ingest it during the day.
Cannatonic contains a high concentration of myrcene, which enhances its relaxing effect. This strain can be ingested at any time of day because it does not make you feel drowsy. It also relieves anxiety while treating unpleasant migraines and other body ailments. (Not to mention that this strain is really potent, so expect to feel up in the sky.)
Cheesecake with Blueberries
Even on your worst day, the name sounds like something you'd want to try. This strain sounds, smells, and tastes fantastic, but it pales in comparison to how calming it can be. Blueberry Cheesecake is the perfect strain for you if you are anxious or depressed, or if you need something to increase your overall zen. It has a good mix of myrcene, beta-caryophyllene, and limonene in the right quantities.
Myrcene, limonene, beta-caryophyllene, and linalool are abundant in OG Kush. The mixture of these three strains boosts your mood, while the presence of myrcene allows you to benefit from its calming benefits.
MediHaze is a CBD-rich strain that frequently includes an equal ratio of CBD and THC or a slightly greater ratio of CBD, and it is an excellent choice for treating anxiety or depression. This strain features a high concentration of CBD, which offers you with immediate antidepressant benefits. It contains a high concentration of terpenes such as limonene, beta-caryophyllene, and linalool.
Super Sour Diesel
Because it contains high quantities of limonene, beta-caryophyllene, and bisabolol, Super Sour Diesel is noted for its energising and stimulating properties. Because SSD contains a high concentration of THC, it is advisable to consume it in moderation. After all, too much THC can exacerbate anxiety, particularly after the euphoric effects wear off.
Remedy is another strain that can successfully reduce your anxiousness. This potent strain has been shown to greatly lower stress levels. Myrcene, beta-caryophyllene, and alpha-pinene are all present in Remedy. It is the ideal option for people seeking treatment without the use of psychoactive substances.
Remedy leaves you feeling relaxed and tranquil, which is extremely beneficial to your general health and wellness.
Another popular strain due to its terpene profile is White Widow. It has a lovely blend of myrcene and beta-caryophyllene. Its combination makes it an ideal strain for boosting bliss and suppressing stressful thoughts throughout the day.
Bubba Kush is well-known for its calming properties and high quantities of myrcene, beta-caryophyllene, and alpha-pinene. If you're seeking for anything to help you relax when you're feeling down or stressed, Bubba Kush is the strain for you.
Northern lights are popular among individuals seeking a strain that alleviates pain, insomnia, and anxiety. It is an indica-dominant strain with a calming effect that will assist you in resting and toning down your racing mind.
According to lab results, it includes 0.97% myrcene and 0.35% alpha-pinene, which are terpenes that contribute to a calming and soothing effect when used.
Numerous terpenes have been found to exhibit antimicrobial activity, which indicates that they are able to thwart the development of pathogenic microbes. Alpha-bisabolol, geraniol, menthol, eucalyptol, and terpinolene are all examples of terpenes that have the potential to assist in the elimination of microorganisms or the halting of their progression.
HOW DO UK TERPENES AFFECT CANNABIS?
It is known as the entourage effect, and it may be summed up as follows: The whole of all the chemicals in cannabis is more significant than the sum of its parts. Increasing evidence reveals that all of the compounds in cannabis operate together synergistically. Consuming cannabinoids and terpenes together, as opposed to either component being ingested on its own, results in the formation of a unique synergy that benefits the plant as a whole.
Terpenes appear to have an effect on both THC and CBD levels in the body. People suffering from epilepsy who took CBD isolation, which only contained cannabinoids, were shown to have worse symptoms and more adverse effects than those who took full-spectrum CBD extract, which contained all of the cannabinoids. The research was conducted in 2018. Because it contains cannabinoids, terpenes, and other components that are found in the plant, it can be considered a medicine made from the complete plant.
The researchers also discovered that full-spectrum CBD extract was four times more potent than CBD isolate, which meant that patients could take a significantly lower dose. They attributed this to the therapeutic synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds, such as terpenes. Full-spectrum CBD extract was also found to be more effective than CBD isolate.
Terpenes have been shown in more recent studies to increase cannabinoid activity; however, researchers found that very high quantities of terpenes were required to observe this augmentation.
Terpenes and their interactions with other terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids in cannabis are still a topic with a significant amount of unanswered questions. In addition, the majority of our studies are conducted using either test tubes or animal models.
The ever-increasing therapeutic interest in aromatic compounds has led to the discovery of a number of exciting new findings. It is anticipated that over the next few years, a more in-depth understanding of terpenes and how they act, both singly and in combination, will emerge. This understanding will likely be beneficial in a number of contexts.
TOP 3 MOST COMMON CANNABIS TERPENES
Pinene - A chemical that is often extracted from the resin that is found in pine trees. It has that beautiful outdoorsy, earthy perfume, just like trees do, but it can also be found in other plants. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and bronchial dilator properties, making it useful in the treatment of a variety of medical conditions. Pinene is a type of terpene found in cannabis that is typically seen in higher concentrations in Haze Berry, OG Kush, and Blue Dream.
Another aroma associated with the great outdoors and the forest is humulene. This substance's primary applications in the medical field are as an appetite suppressant and as an anti-inflammatory agent. Terpenes of the humulene kind can be discovered in cannabis strains with names like Gelato, Atlantis, and Sour Diesel.
Limonene - The aroma of limonene, which is characterised by a zesty, lemony quality, is said to boost one's spirits. Its uplifting qualities help to reduce anxiety and depression. One other therapeutic benefit is that it helps the digestive process. These three strains all contain this component: Wedding Cake, Quantum Kush, and Berry White.
Myrcene– If you smoke a strain of marijuana that has this terpene, you should be prepared. It is famous for its ability to relax the entire body, earning it the nickname "Couch-Lock." Cannabidiol has a variety of fundamental properties, one of which is the ability to raise the amount of cannabinoid chemicals in the brain as well as the rate at which they are absorbed through the skin. The more cannabinoids that are present in the brain of a cannabis user, the happier they will feel. The aroma is reminiscent of cloves and is earthy in nature. OG Kush, Girl Scout Cookies, and Grape Ape are a few examples of marijuana strains that contain this terpene. Myrcene is another molecule that may be found in hops, which are the primary ingredient in beer.
TOP 3 SECONDARY CANNABIS TERPENES
Borneol is a terpene that has a flavour and aroma reminiscent to peppermint, along with an odd metallic undertone in the background. It can also be used as a pain reliever and an anti-inflammatory thanks to its therapeutic properties. You can find Borneol in cannabis strains such as K13-Haze, Golden Haze, and Amnesia Haze.
Phytol-With flora tones, this marijuana terpene gives the user a sense of relaxation. It’s often used for its sedative and anti-anxiety properties. Another of its therapeutic qualities is as an anti-inflammatory. This terpene can be found in the underlying tones of Sour Diesel, Blue Dream, and the marijuana strain Cheese.
Eucalyptol. The aroma of this terpene is a cooling menthol, minty scent. It has both anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. It is a secondary component of the marijuana strains Girl Scout Cookies, AC/DC, and Headband.
Sabinene-Although not one of the most common cannabis terpenes, this strain has a unique peppery or spicy scent. Many users say it smells like pumpkin pie or reminds them of the holidays. Although this terpene should be used in small quantities, its medicinal uses include anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties. One of the main strains it’s found in is Super Silver Haze.
GUIDE: HOW TO ADD TERPENES TO HASH OR CANNABIS MATERIAL
What you'll need:
Cannabis dry extraction
Cannabis/hemp or fruit derived terpenes.
Dabber or scraper.
Baking paper or alimentary plastic.
- Remove the dry extraction with the scraper or dabber for a better distribution of the terpenes.
- Apply between 0.5 and 4% of terpenes directly in the extraction (ideally 1 drop per every 1 or 2 grams).
- Stir the terpenes and the extraction well, so that it becomes equally distributed.
(Optional) Press the extraction somewhat, inside the alimentary plastic or the baking paper so that it becomes compact.
Keep the extraction hermetically for at least 24 hours, in a cold and dark area (at about 7 degrees Celsius, in the fridge) so that terpenes become well integrated
- Maximum 1 drop of terpenes for every 1 gram, ideally to test it with fewer amounts, 1 drop per 2 grams, 1 drop per 3 grams…
Stir properly the terpenes in the extraction and keep it in cold hermetically. Other more industrialised / professional methods:
You can also simply spray the terpenes directly onto your finished product.
Spray on the extraction of the mixture of terpenes and organic solvents that can be easily evaporated (for instance alimentary ethanol).
- More intense flavour and aroma and of the variety that you prefer (Zookies, OG Kush, Super Lemon Haze etc)
- More vivid and malleable feel.
- Higher synergy of the cannabinoids (entourage effect).
GUIDE: HOW TO ADD TERPENES TO VAPE AND E-LIQUID:
So how exactly do you include terpenes into vaping eliquid? In this article, we go through all the requirements in terms of tools and factors, as well as some simple starting techniques.
Setting Things Up Properly
It's important to remember that terpenes are functional flavouring agents, have a high potential for potency, and shouldn't be vaporised in big doses. Terpenes should always be included into a main solution of botanical chemicals, cutting agents, or carrier fluid, just like pure vanilla extract is meant to be blended rather than consumed straight.
Additionally, conduct your homework and get the appropriate gear if you want to produce your own DIY e-liquids or cartridges. Instead of a tank-style vape, use a vape pen or pod-mod that doesn't require any special pods or cartridges. To offer you greater control over the heat settings and a larger range of DIY liquids you might manufacture, you'll also want some flexibility in the power and voltage ranges.
E-liquids and concentrates.
When infusing terpenes, it's best to start slowly and build up the concentration as necessary in consecutive solution. As a result, it's advisable to start by adhering sticking to the 1-2% of net weight rule when working with oils or e-liquids.
Take, for instance, a 60ml bottle of CBD oil that you want to terpene-infuse in order to encourage sound sleep. To noticeably alter the flavour, scent, or impact, you would only need to infuse 0.6–1.2ml (about 12–24 drops) of myrcene, beta–caryophyllene, or alpha–pinene, or the same amount of drops from a strain specific pre mixed terpene profile.
You may utilise strain profiles where the terpenes you enjoy most are prominent if you want to employ mixes of terpenes. Zkittles terpenes would be a suitable strain in the event of the above-mentioned infusion for a comfortable night's sleep.
It's a good idea to pair the flavours of e-liquids when utilising them with complimentary terpenes or strain characteristics, such as limonene with lemony flavours such as Super Lemon Haze, Girl Scout Cookies with cookie flavours, etc.
Utilizing CBD or Cannabis Concentrates
When cannabis and CBD concentrates are produced using standard refining techniques, virtually all terpenes and secondary cannabinoids are removed. This causes the majority of their flavours and smells to disappear, which creates an unsatisfactory vaping experience. Because of this, we advise beginning low when incorporating terpenes into concentrates and working your way up to 2-5% of the net weight.
For maximum results when using cannabis concentrates, match your terpene profile to the strain (as in OG Kush, White Widow, Gelato, etc.
The terpenes or strain profiles you may utilise are more flexible when terpenes are infused into CBD concentrates. Consider the flavour, scent, effects, and advantages that you want, as well as the price to meet your budget.
Working with terpenes takes practice!
You'll naturally be able to move on to more complicated procedures as you get experience combining exact ratios and including the use of carrier oils, medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), and odourless terpenes as diluents and cutting agents to modify viscosity. Working with high-ratio tinctures or dilution of distillates to create unique cartridges would be one such example.
All it takes is practise, which in and of itself will be enjoyable and fulfilling.
We hope you learned a lot from this guide! We will be adding much more in the coming weeks however if there's anything in particular you'd like to learn involving terpenes (or anything else in the cannabis world for that matter!) let us know in the comments!
Important Disclaimer: We are not medical professionals. The information provided within this guide is a combination of our own experience with terpenes and cannabis, information provided to us by individuals detailing their own experiences, and our own 'online research' - meaning we have studied other websites in order to obtain the information which we are unable to verify. We have not conducted any clinical trials, nor is any information within this guide guaranteed to be factual. If you have a medical condition - especially cancer, depression or pain, you must contact a medical professional. You can learn about how to access medical cannabis HERE. Medical cannabis clinics are highly trained to give proper advice, and you should not treat the information located on this website (or any other website you find on Google) as absolute fact. We repeat - do not use Search Engines to diagnose, treat or cure any disease or condition. SPEAK TO A PROFESSIONAL.